A concussion is a type of brain injury caused by any blow to the head, face, neck or body that causes shaking or jarring of the brain inside the skull.
Concussions are called the invisible injury. This is because their effects do not appear on tests you get in the hospital.
Everyone experiences a concussion differently. Symptoms can occur immediately or even a few days after the injury. The symptoms may include one or more of the following:
Concussions are especially dangerous in young children because they may not be able to tell you how they’re feeling. You’ll need to watch them carefully for any signs and symptoms, such as:
- Dazed appearance
- Listlessness and tiring easily
- Irritability and crankiness
- Loss of balance and unsteady walking
- Excessive crying
- Headache or rubbing of the head
- Change in eating or sleeping patterns
- Lack of interest in favorite toys
If you think your child has a concussion, remove your child from the activity immediately and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Concussions are treated with rest, which means resting physically and mentally. Healing from a concussion can take a great deal of time, so be patient. Returning to daily activities should only be done with approval from your physician or Nurse Practitioner. 2
When can my child return to regular activities?
Follow the Return to School and/or Sport Strategies from Parachute Canada.
Rowan’s Law sets requirements on sport organizations and school boards to address concussion safety. The definition of “sport organizations” within the Act is broad and includes school athletics: “persons or entities that carry out, for profit or otherwise, a prescribed activity in connection with an amateur competitive sport and that satisfy such other criteria as may be prescribed.”
Examples of organization requirements include:
- A code of conduct
- A removal-from-sport protocol for athletes with suspected concussion
- A return-to-sport protocol
For more information and resources, please visit Parachute Canada at www.ParachuteCanada.org.
Last modified on: July 13, 2023