Middlesex-London Health Unit

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Health Equity

What Determines Health? Many people continue to think of their health as a result of daily personal choices such as choosing more fruits and vegetables, choosing to be active for at least 30 minutes, choosing not to smoke. Others believe that seeing a health professional and getting medical care when it is wanted is what makes them healthy. Health, though, is affected by much more than that. It is a result of all of our living conditions - where we live, work and play.


Determinants of Health

The determinants of health are listed by the Public Health Agency of Canada as:

  • Income and social status
  • Social support networks
  • Education and literacy
  • Employment/working conditions
  • Social environments
  • Physical environments
  • Personal health practices and coping skills
  • Healthy child development
  • Biology and genetic endowment
  • Health services
  • Gender
  • Culture

Further explanation and details of each of these factors can be found at the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Date of creation: January 8, 2013
Last modified on: October 31, 2014