Table of Contents
- What is active TB?
- What are the symptoms of active TB?
- How is active TB treated?
- How do I find out if I have active TB?
- Can I have active TB in other parts of my body?
TB is an illness caused by the germ Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB usually attacks the lungs but can also attack other parts of the body. The TB germ is spread through the air when a person sick with active TB, coughs, sneezes, or talks and someone else breathes the germ into their lungs.
If a person breathes in the TB germ but the body’s immune system cannot stop the TB germ from growing, they can become sick with active TB. Active TB is also sometimes called TB disease. It is important to know that most people who breathe in the TB germ will NOT develop active TB. Only people who are sick with active TB can spread the TB germ to others.
People with active TB must be treated with special TB medication so that they get better and do not spread TB to others. All cases of active TB must be reported to the health unit.