Ontario public health measures to respond to the Omicron variant
COVID-19 Info | Information sur la COVID-19 | COVID-19 Vaccine | Vaccine Receipt | COVID-19 Self-Assessment

Middlesex-London Health Unit

🔍Search
🔍
Home
Inner Nav

Ebola Virus Disease

What is Ebola Virus Disease? Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a severe illness caused by the Ebola virus. EVD is one of a number of viral hemorrhagic fevers that can affect humans and other primates. According to the World Health Organization, on average, around 50% of people who become infected with Ebola virus will die.

 

 
  • Ebola Fact SheetEbola Fact Sheet (PDF 200KB)
    View, download and print the Ebola Fact Sheet.  Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a severe illness caused by the Ebola virus. EVD is one of a number of viral hemorrhagic fevers that can affect humans and other primates. According to the World Health Organization, on average, around 50% of people who become infected with Ebola virus will die.
 

 

What are the signs and symptoms of EVD?

It can take between two and 21 days from the time EVD gets into the body before symptoms start to show. EVD begins with a sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain and headache. These symptoms may be followed by vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, rash and bleeding, or bruising.

Back to top

How is EVD spread?

EVD is spread through direct contact with the blood, vomit, diarrhea or body fluids (sweat, breast milk, saliva) of an infected person. EVD can also be spread through semen for several weeks after recovery. It may also be spread by touching or by being exposed to surfaces or objects that have been contaminated with an infected person’s body fluids. A person infected with Ebola virus cannot spread the virus to others before symptoms appear.

Back to top

Who is at risk of getting sick with EVD?

For most people, the risk of EVD is very low. Family members, health care workers or others who have come in close contact with people who are ill or have died of EVD are at greater risk of becoming infected. Travelers to parts of the world where EVD is known to be circulating are at greater risk if they have had direct contact with a person identified or suspected of having EVD.

Back to top

What is the treatment for Ebola?

Currently, there is no effective approved treatment for EVD. Two vaccines are currently undergoing human safety testing.

Back to top

Do people who have traveled from countries where EVD is identified have to be quarantined when they arrive in Canada?

Quarantine is not recommended for people who have returned, or are visiting, from countries where EVD has been identified. As EVD becomes contagious only once symptoms are present, returning travelers, or people from countries where EVD has been identified, should watch for signs and symptoms of illness for 21 days after entering Canada. In general however, people who have been in affected countries, but have not had any direct contact with people who were ill with EVD, are at low risk for becoming sick themselves.

Back to top

When should I seek medical care?

If you develop signs and/or symptoms of EVD, and you have traveled to a country where EVD is known to be present and/or have been in contact with a person who was known or suspected to have EVD within the last 21 days, stay home and call the Middlesex London Health Unit at 519-663-5317 ext. 2330 Monday to Friday 8:30am-4:30pm, after 4:30 pm and on weekends and holidays select option 2. If you need immediate medical attention call 9-1-1 and inform them of your travel history or possible exposure to the virus and symptoms.

Back to top

Prevention

Infection Control Practices:

Travel Health Notices:

  • The Public Health Agency of Canada issues travel health notices to inform travelers about situations or conditions in other countries and advises travelers of health measures to take when travelling in order to stay safe and healthy. If you are planning a trip to another country, check current travel health notices through the Public Health Agency of Canada at http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/notices-avis/index-eng.php. Travelers should be reminded to avoid direct contact with a person who is infected with EVD, and to avoid handling any animals suspected of having EVD.

 Back to top

 
Date of creation: August 25, 2014
Last modified on: June 13, 2016
 

References

1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. Retrieved August 13, 2014 Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/guinea/index.html
2Public Health Agency of Canada (2014). Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Retrieved August 13, 2014 Retrieved from
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/notices-avis/index-eng.php
3World health Organization (2014). Ebola virus disease. Retrieved August 13, 2014 Retrieved from
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/