The Impact of Wealth on Health
There is much evidence that shows the impact of wealth on health. For example, the life expectancy of those living in a rich neighbourhood can be as high as 21 years more than those living in a poor neighbourhood in some communities.3 Individuals with lower income are at risk for a range of negative health outcomes such as heart disease, poor mental health, depression, diabetes and obesity among others.4
Some studies have shown that Canadians have limited awareness of the link between income and health outcomes. However, when the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) travelled around the country during the winter and spring of 2013 conducting town hall meetings about the social determinants of health, income was one of the main determinants identified by participants. They felt that the need to address poverty was a fundamental concern and emphasized that poverty underpinned most other social determinants of health.6 Learn more →
Poverty Reduction Strategy
Ontario began implementing a poverty reduction strategy in 2008 with a requirement for review every five years. In September 2014, Realizing Our Potential: Ontario’s Poverty Reduction Strategy 2014-2019 was released, outlining planned actions by the province to continue to reduce poverty through targeted investments and supports. This strategy continues efforts to break the cycle of poverty for children and youth, but also expands efforts to reach additional populations that are experiencing the effects of poverty.