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Middlesex-London Health Unit

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Anaphylaxis

What is Anaphylaxis?

  • Severe systemic allergic reaction
  • Can cause death
  • Requires immediate action i.e. give the auto-injector and dial emergency medical services (911)
 

Common Triggers:

  • Foods: milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish, mustard, sulphites, soy, sesame seeds, wheat
  • Insect stings
  • Medications
  • Latex
  • Exercise-induced
  • Unknown (idiopathic)

Common Symptoms:

F.A.S.T.

F: Face
Itchiness, redness, swelling of face or tongue, metallic taste in mouth
A: Airway
Trouble breathing, swallowing or speaking
S: Stomach
Pain, vomiting, diarrhea
T: Total Body
Rash, itchiness, swelling, weakness, paleness, sense of doom, loss of consciousness

Action:

Call 911 and inject auto-injector as trained.

 

EpiPen

EpiPen

EpiPen image used with permission of Pfizer Canada Inc.

 
Date of creation: February 25, 2013
Last modified on: August 25, 2017
 

References

1Anaphylaxis in Schools & Other Settings, 3rd Edition Retrieved from
http://foodallergycanada.ca/
2EpiPen. (2012). About severe allergic reactions. Retrieved from
http://www.epipen.ca/en/severe-allergic-reactions/what-are-they